Men and Women Lobbyists in the American States

31 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2010

See all articles by Mark Hyde

Mark Hyde

affiliation not provided to SSRN; Providence College; St. Anselm College

Jennifer C. Lucas

affiliation not provided to SSRN


This paper compares men and women lobbyists who work in the American states. Both in 1995 and 2005, systematic random samples were selected from official lists of lobbyists in each of the fifty states. Two USPS mailings each year produced sample sizes of 1,559 in 1995 (return rate of 51.4%) and 1,545 (return rate of 49.6%). In 1995, the breakdown of men versus women state lobbyists was 73.2% male and 26.8% female; in 2005, 71.3% and 28.7%. Using appropriate data analysis techniques (regression, crosstabs, analysis of variance) men and women are contrasted across three dimensions. First, the tracks to lobbying are examined, such as prior political office and years of experience lobbying. Second, differences between tactics employed (grassroots, campaign contributions, etc.) by men and women are investigated. Finally, the paper draws a distinction between the attitudes of men and women lobbyists toward lobbying, as well as one social psychological variable, Machiavellianism. Differences between men and women within the three dimensions are found in both sets of data, with changes over time in some instances.

Suggested Citation

Hyde, Mark and Lucas, Jennifer C., Men and Women Lobbyists in the American States. Western Political Science Association 2010 Annual Meeting Paper , Available at SSRN:

Mark Hyde (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Providence College ( email )

United States

St. Anselm College ( email )

100 Saint Anselm Drive
Mancheter, NH 03102
United States

Jennifer C. Lucas

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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