Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania: Evidence from a Tracking Survey

66 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2010

See all articles by Kathleen Beegle

Kathleen Beegle

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Joachim De Weerdt

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management; KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS); Economic Development Initiatives (EDI)

Stefan Dercon

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2010

Abstract

This study explores to what extent migration has contributed to improved living standards of individuals in Tanzania. Using a 13-year panel survey, the authors find that migration between 1991 and 2004 added 36 percentage points to consumption growth. Although moving out of agriculture resulted in much higher growth than staying in agriculture, growth was always greater in any sector if the individual physically moved. As to why more people do not move give high returns to geographical mobility, analysis finds evidence consistent with models in which exit barriers set by home communities prevent the migration of some categories of people.

Keywords: Africa, growth, migration, tracking survey

JEL Classification: O12, O15, R23

Suggested Citation

Beegle, Kathleen and De Weerdt, Joachim and Dercon, Stefan, Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania: Evidence from a Tracking Survey (March 2010). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7759. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1583257

Kathleen Beegle (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
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Washington, DC 20433
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HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/kbeegle

Joachim De Weerdt

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management ( email )

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Lange Sint Annastraat 7
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium

KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS) ( email )

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Leuven, 3000
Belgium

Economic Development Initiatives (EDI) ( email )

P.O. Box 393
Bukoba
Tanzania

HOME PAGE: http://www.edi-africa.com

Stefan Dercon

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

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Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom
44 1865 271084 (Phone)
44 1865 271094 (Fax)

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