International Market Access and Poverty in Argentina

12 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2010

See all articles by Guido G. Porto

Guido G. Porto

World Bank; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


This paper examines the impact of access to international agro-manufacture markets on poverty in Argentina. Estimates from the literature suggest that expanded market access would cause the international price of Argentine exports of agro-manufactures to increase by between 8.7% and 15.9%. I explore two poverty effects caused by these prices changes: on food expenditure and on wages. Using a household budget survey, I estimate the impact of higher food prices on the Argentine poverty line. Using a labor force survey, I estimate the responses of wages to changes in export prices. My main finding is that market access would cause poverty to decline in Argentina. From a national head count of 29.26%, the poverty rate would decline to between 28.28% and 28.80%. This means that between 161,000 and 343,000 Argentines would be moved out of poverty.

Suggested Citation

Porto, Guido, International Market Access and Poverty in Argentina. Review of International Economics, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 396-407, May 2010, Available at SSRN: or

Guido Porto (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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