One Last Puff? Public Smoking Bans and Smoking Behavior

37 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2010

See all articles by Silke Anger

Silke Anger

Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Business

Michael Kvasnicka

RWI Essen (Berlin Office)

Thomas Siedler

University of Hamburg - Faculty of Business, Economics, and Social Sciences; DIW Berlin; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); University of Essex

Abstract

This paper investigates the short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking behavior. In 2007 and 2008, state-level smoking bans were gradually introduced in all of Germany's sixteen federal states. We exploit this variation in the timing of state bans to identify the effect that smoke-free policies had on individuals' smoking propensity and smoking intensity. Using rich longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, our difference-in-differences estimates show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Germany did not change average smoking behavior within the population. However, our estimates also point to important heterogeneous effects. Groups that go out more often, and hence are more exposed to the constraints of public smoking bans in everyday life, did adjust their smoking behavior. Specifically, we find that young, unmarried individuals, men, and those living in urban areas are groups that are both less likely to smoke and smoke less intensively following the introduction of public smoking bans. Furthermore, effects on individual smoking habits proved stronger in states that had more strict smoking bans. Public smoking bans, therefore, have important health benefits over and above the reduction in exposure of non-smokers to second-hand smoke that is their immediate and prime objective.

Keywords: public smoking bans, smoking, cigarette consumption, treatment effects

JEL Classification: I12, K32, I18, C33

Suggested Citation

Anger, Silke and Kvasnicka, Michael and Siedler, Thomas, One Last Puff? Public Smoking Bans and Smoking Behavior. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4873. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1587566

Silke Anger (Contact Author)

Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Business ( email )

Spandauer Str. 1
Berlin, D-10178
Germany

Michael Kvasnicka

RWI Essen (Berlin Office) ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Berlin, 45128
Germany

Thomas Siedler

University of Hamburg - Faculty of Business, Economics, and Social Sciences ( email )

Von-Melle-Park 9
Hamburg, 20146
Germany

DIW Berlin ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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