Internal Migration in Ghana: Determinants and Welfare Impacts

25 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Charles Ackah

Charles Ackah

University of Ghana - Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER)

Denis Medvedev

World Bank; American University

Date Written: April 1, 2010

Abstract

Using a recently compiled dataset on migration and remittances in Ghana, this paper estimates the determinants of an individual?s likelihood to be an internal migrant and the relationship between internal migration and welfare. The analysis finds that the likelihood to migrate is determined by a combination of individual (pull) and community-level (push) characteristics. The probability of migration is higher for younger and more educated individuals, but communities with higher levels of literacy, higher rates of subsidized medical care, and better access to water and sanitation are less likely to produce migrants. The analysis finds that households with migrants tend to be better off than similar households without migrants, even after controlling for the fact that households with migrants are a non-random sample of Ghanaians. However, the positive relationship is only true for households with at least one migrant in urban areas; the welfare of households with migrants exclusively in rural areas is no different from households without any migrants.

Keywords: Population Policies, Anthropology, Gender and Development, Remittances, Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement

Suggested Citation

Ackah, Charles and Medvedev, Denis, Internal Migration in Ghana: Determinants and Welfare Impacts (April 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5273. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1592804

Charles Ackah (Contact Author)

University of Ghana - Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) ( email )

P.O BOX LG 74
Legon
Ghana

Denis Medvedev

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

American University

4400 Massachusetts Avenue N.W.
Washington, DC 20016-8029
United States

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