International Cooperation to Manage High-Skill Migration: The Case of India/U.S. Relations
Review of Policy Research, Forthcoming
36 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2010 Last revised: 19 May 2010
Date Written: March 23, 2010
Highly-skilled people are among the most valuable factors of production in the contemporary world economy. Some have characterized the competition among nations for these people as a “brain drain” or “war for talent” that imposes significant costs on the countries of emigration. However, the distribution of costs and benefits that results from high-skill migration is not necessarily zero-sum or fixed. It may be altered through international cooperation, producing a self-reinforcing “win-win” scenario for sending and receiving countries. Bilateral cooperation, focused on specific sectors affected by migration, is the most promising approach for realizing such a scenario.
This paper explores the prospects and potential for such cooperation between India and the U.S., which comprise what is probably the world’s largest high-skill mobility relationship. After sketching the broad contours of the relationship, we explore the prospects for mutually beneficial cooperation in three specific fields of high-skill migration: information technology services, medicine and nursing, and graduate education.
Keywords: High-Skill Migration, International Governance, India/U.S. Relations
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