NTOs and State Policy: The Paradigms of Political Economy and Insitutional Response to Tourism in Times of Economic Crisis

International Conference on Tourism Development and Management, September 2009

4 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2010 Last revised: 20 Jul 2010

See all articles by Craig Webster

Craig Webster

Ball State University

Stanislav Hristov Ivanov

Zangador; Zangador Research institute; Varna University of Management (VUM)

Steven F. Illum

Missouri State University

Date Written: September 10, 2009

Abstract

In this paper, we look at the three broad capitalist models for political/economic organization upon which states organize themselves and then explore examples of those states and each country’s response to tourism. In order to investigate this, we take two examples of social democratic states (Sweden and Finland), two examples of liberal states (the USA and Canada), and two examples of mercantilist states (South Korea and Japan) to see how the state organizes itself in terms of tourism. We find that countries with liberal, mercantilist, and social democratic political and economic systems have very different institutions to deal with tourism, with liberal states tending to have weak state institutional responses to tourism while mercantilist states have strong ones. The investigation has implications for states in the current financial crisis, since the state’s response to the crisis will either be consistent with the political philosophy upon which the state’s institutions rest or run counter to the prevailing political and economic thinking upon which the state’s institutions rest.

Keywords: National Tourism Organization, State Policy, Capitalist Models

Suggested Citation

Webster, Craig and Ivanov, Stanislav Hristov and Illum, Steven F., NTOs and State Policy: The Paradigms of Political Economy and Insitutional Response to Tourism in Times of Economic Crisis (September 10, 2009). International Conference on Tourism Development and Management, September 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1595331

Craig Webster

Ball State University ( email )

2000 W. University Avenue
Muncie, IN 47306
United States

Stanislav Hristov Ivanov (Contact Author)

Zangador ( email )

Varna, 9010
Bulgaria

HOME PAGE: http://www.zangador.eu

Zangador Research institute

Varna, 9010
Bulgaria

HOME PAGE: http://www.zangador.institute/

Varna University of Management (VUM) ( email )

13 Oborishte Street
Varna, 9000
Bulgaria
+359 898 680713 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.vumk.eu

Steven F. Illum

Missouri State University ( email )

901 South National Avenue
Springfield, MO 65897
United States

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