Religious Peace Activism - The Rational Element of Religious Elites' Decision-Making Processes

GIGA Working Paper No. 130

29 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2010 Last revised: 17 Aug 2012

Alexander De Juan

University of Tuebingen

Johannes Vüllers

German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

Date Written: April 26, 2010

Abstract

Religious elites are active for peace in many violent conflicts. Normative explanations often do not suffice to explain their engagement. In this paper we draw on the findings of social‐movement research to identify the factors that induce rationally acting religious elites to be active for peace. It is their relationships to the government, other religious elites, and believers that can motivate them to call for peace. However, they will do so only if they anticipate - based on the overall influence of other religious peace (co‐)activists, the structure of the religious community, and the frame environment - that they will not be penalized for their engagement. Religious norms are an important motivation behind religious peace activism, but rational decision‐making also has to be taken into account if religious engagement for peace is to be explained fully.

Keywords: Religion, conflict, peace, elites, rational choice, framing

Suggested Citation

De Juan, Alexander and Vüllers, Johannes, Religious Peace Activism - The Rational Element of Religious Elites' Decision-Making Processes (April 26, 2010). GIGA Working Paper No. 130. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1596025 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1596025

Alexander De Juan (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Wilhelmstr. 19
72074 Tuebingen, Baden Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany

Johannes Vüllers

German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA) ( email )

Neuer Jungfernstieg 21
Hamburg, DE D-20354
Germany

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