Rural-Urban Migration and Aging in Rural Areas: An Overview of the Last 50 Years
IPEA Working Paper No. 621
28 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2000
Date Written: January 1999
This paper presents a series of rural-urban net migration by age and sex for Brazil as a whole and the five major regions. They refer to the 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s and the first half of the 90s. Based on this, it was possible to analyze the importance of the rural-urban migration of each major region on the Brazilian total migration.
Rural-urban migration has been responsible for the reduction of rural population. At the national level, this reduction has continued over the last 50 years. During 1950/80, most of the national rural urban areas were originated in the Southeast and the South regions. In the last two decades, it was the rural areas of the Northeast that were the most important emigration regions. Also in this period, areas of agricultural frontier, such as the Mid-West and the North, became emigration areas.
Females predominate the rural-urban migration, but it has varied according to regions and time periods. One consequence is an increase of the rural sex ration and a reduction of the urban ones.
Note: Downloadable paper is in Portuguese.
JEL Classification: J1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation