The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa – A Case Study on Eritrea

ICFAI Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 120-129, January 2008

Posted: 6 May 2010

See all articles by Ravinder Rena

Ravinder Rena

Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Polytechnic of Namibia; University of the Western Cape; North-West University; Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Date Written: May 4, 2010

Abstract

The HIV/AIDS is a pandemic that is engulfing many developing countries of Africa, particularly South Africa, Ethiopia, Botswana, Swaziland, and Uganda. Eritrea, a young nation in Africa has over 70,000 adults currently infected with HIV/AIDS and the number is progressively increasing. Nationally, women make-up almost 59 percent of the total reported AIDS cases. Women are over represented as victims of AIDS because they are biologically more vulnerable than men to sexually transmitted diseases and physically more susceptible to AIDS. Over 70 percent of the cases reported fall in the age range of 20 to 39 years, of which 60 percent are males and 40 percent are females. The study mainly deals with the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa. As part of the study, data were collected both from primary and secondary sources. The paper delves into the pandemic and its impact on women in Africa, and with particular reference to Eritrea. It highlights the challenges of the pandemic and its impact on human capital and concludes with some policy implications to improve the situation in Africa, especially Eritrea.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Pandemic, Africa, Eritrea, women, human capital, economy

JEL Classification: I10, I12, I18

Suggested Citation

Rena, Ravinder, The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa – A Case Study on Eritrea (May 4, 2010). ICFAI Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 120-129, January 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1600351

Ravinder Rena (Contact Author)

Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

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Papua New Guinea

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Polytechnic of Namibia ( email )

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Namibia

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University of the Western Cape ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.uwc.ac.za

North-West University ( email )

Hoffman Street
Potchefstroom, 2520
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.nwu.ac.za

Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

Private Mail Bag 411
Lae, Morobe 411
Papua New Guinea

HOME PAGE: http://www.unitech.ac.pg

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