The Challenges of Ambient Law and Legal Protection in the Profiling Era

33 Pages Posted: 10 May 2010

See all articles by Mireille Hildebrandt

Mireille Hildebrandt

Vrije Universiteit Brussel; Radboud University

Bert-Jaap Koops

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)

Abstract

Ambient Intelligence is a vision of a future in which autonomic smart environments take an unprecedented number of decisions both for the private and the public good. It involves a shift to automated pattern recognition, a new paradigm in the construction of knowledge. This will fundamentally affect our lives, increasing specific types of errors, loss of autonomy and privacy, unfair discrimination and stigmatisation, and an absence of due process. Current law's articulation in the technology of the printed script is inadequate in the face of the new type of knowledge generation. A possible solution is to articulate legal protections within the socio-technical infrastructure. In particular, both privacy-enhancing and transparency-enhancing technologies must be developed that embed legal rules in ambient technologies themselves. This vision of ‘Ambient Law’ requires a novel approach to law making which addresses the challenges of technology, legitimacy, and political-legal theory. Only a constructive and collaborative effort to migrate law from books to other technologies can ensure that Ambient Law becomes reality, safeguarding the fundamental values underlying privacy, identity, and democracy in tomorrow's ambient intelligent world.

Suggested Citation

Hildebrandt, Mireille and Koops, Bert-Jaap, The Challenges of Ambient Law and Legal Protection in the Profiling Era. Modern Law Review, Vol. 73, Issue 3, pp. 428-460, May 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1602192 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.2010.00806.x

Mireille Hildebrandt (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Brussel ( email )

Pleinlaan 2
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.vub.ac.be/LSTS/members/hildebrandt/

Radboud University ( email )

P.O. Box 9010
Nijmegen, 6500GL
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.cs.ru.nl/staff/Mireille.Hildebrandt

Bert-Jaap Koops

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) ( email )

P.O.Box 90153
Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221
Tilburg, 5037
Netherlands

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