Fuel Versus Food

Posted: 4 Jun 2010

See all articles by Ujjayant Chakravorty

Ujjayant Chakravorty

Tufts University

Marie-Hélène Hubert

University of Alberta

Linda Nøstbakken

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

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Abstract

Many countries have actively encouraged the production of biofuels as a low-carbon alternative to the use of fossil fuels in transportation. To what extent do these trends imply a reallocation of scarce land away from food to fuel production? This paper critically reviews the small but growing literature in this area. We find that an increase in biofuel production may have a significant effect on food prices and, in certain parts of the world, in speeding up deforestation through land conversion. However, more research needs to be done to examine the effect of newer generation biofuel technologies that are less land intensive as well as the effect of environmental regulation and trade policies on land-use patterns.

Suggested Citation

Chakravorty, Ujjayant and Hubert, Marie-Hélène and Nøstbakken, Linda, Fuel Versus Food. Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 645-663, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1602735 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.resource.050708.144200

Ujjayant Chakravorty

Tufts University ( email )

Medford, MA 02155
United States

Marie-Hélène Hubert

University of Alberta ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2R3
Canada

Linda Nøstbakken

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47-55959134 (Phone)

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