American Academic Formalisms in the Age of the Avant-Garde

HISTORIA DE LA CRITICA Y LA TEORIA LITERARIAS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS, Ricardo Miguel Alfonso, ed., Madrid: Verbum, 2001

20 Pages Posted: 16 May 2010

Date Written: 2001

Abstract

This is a chapter from a book on the history of American literary criticism and theory. It deals with two critical schools which were highly influential during the mid and late twentieth century: the New Criticism and the Chicago School of neo-Aristotelian theory. Both approaches are formalist and are interested in the study of literary texts considered as aesthetic objects: literary works are approached not as historical or social documents, but as works of art. Some of the main names associated to these movements are the New Critics John Crowe Ransom, Cleanth Brooks, W.K. Wimsatt, Monroe Beardsley, R.P. Blackmur, and Yvor Winters; R.S. Crane, Elder Olson and Wayne Booth are the best-known members of the Chicago School. The influence of these schools is widespread, as their critical practices and modes of analysis have been absorbed and developed by all the schools which in recent decades have shown an interest in the form and language of literary works.

Este capítulo del libro HISTORIA DE LA CRITICA Y LA TEORÍA LITERARIAS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS versa sobre dos escuelas críticas enormemente influyentes en el mundo anglosajón, especialmente a mediados y finales del siglo XX. Se trata de la Nueva Crítica (New Criticism) y de la Escuela de Chicago. Ambas corrientes son formalistas y están interesadas en el estudio de los textos literarios en tanto que objetos estéticos; ven en la obra literaria no tanto un documento histórico o sociológico cuanto una obra de arte. Algunos de los principales nombres asociados a estos movimientos son los nuevos críticos John Crowe Ransom, Cleanth Brooks, W. K. Wimsatt, Monroe Beardsley, R. P. Blackmur, Yvor Winters; de la Escuela de Chicago son especialmente conocidos R. S. Crane, Elder Olson, y Wayne Booth. La influencia de estas escuelas no se agota en ellas mismas, sino que sus prácticas críticas y sus análisis han sido absorbidos y difundidos por todas las escuelas de décadas posteriores interesadas en la forma y el lenguaje de las obras literarias.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Literary criticism, Literary theory, Aesthetics, New Criticism, Chicago School, English, Formalism, neo-Aristotelianism

Suggested Citation

Garcia Landa, Jose Angel, American Academic Formalisms in the Age of the Avant-Garde (2001). HISTORIA DE LA CRITICA Y LA TEORIA LITERARIAS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS, Ricardo Miguel Alfonso, ed., Madrid: Verbum, 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1604372

Jose Angel Garcia Landa (Contact Author)

Universidad de Zaragoza ( email )

Gran Via 2
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.garcialanda.net

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