Gender Differences in Preferences Over Age
Posted: 16 May 2010 Last revised: 18 May 2010
Date Written: May 14, 2010
Individuals differ in their preferences for risk, competition and cooperation. Women are typically less risk taking and less competitive than men, and some evidence suggest that women are more altruistic than men. Here we explore how these preferences and the gender gap in them develop over age. We find that already among 9-11 year olds, girls are less risk taking than boys, and that this gap is increases among adolescents. We find evidence of the gender gap in competitiveness being task dependent and thus not something fixed. Among 9-11 year old children, boys and girls are equally cooperative, whereas among adolescents girls are more altruistic than boys. This research contributes to increasing our understanding of the development of the gender gap in preferences as well as the decision making of children and adolescents.
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