Gender Differences in Preferences Over Age

Posted: 16 May 2010 Last revised: 18 May 2010

See all articles by Anna Dreber

Anna Dreber

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics

Emma von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business; Stockholm University - Department of Economics

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics

Date Written: May 14, 2010

Abstract

Individuals differ in their preferences for risk, competition and cooperation. Women are typically less risk taking and less competitive than men, and some evidence suggest that women are more altruistic than men. Here we explore how these preferences and the gender gap in them develop over age. We find that already among 9-11 year olds, girls are less risk taking than boys, and that this gap is increases among adolescents. We find evidence of the gender gap in competitiveness being task dependent and thus not something fixed. Among 9-11 year old children, boys and girls are equally cooperative, whereas among adolescents girls are more altruistic than boys. This research contributes to increasing our understanding of the development of the gender gap in preferences as well as the decision making of children and adolescents.

Suggested Citation

Dreber, Anna and von Essen, Emma and Ranehill, Eva, Gender Differences in Preferences Over Age (May 14, 2010). Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference 2010: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1608116

Anna Dreber (Contact Author)

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
S-113 83 Stockholm
Sweden

Emma Von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Stockholm University - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10 A
House A, floor 4 and 7
Frescati, Stockholm
Sweden

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics ( email )

PO Box 6501
Stockholm, 11383
Sweden

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