Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 61–75, 2008
15 Pages Posted: 16 May 2010
Date Written: May 16, 2008
A perplexing problem with Adams’ (1963) equity theory has been the difficulty associated with operationalizing requisite components, perceived employee inputs, and outcomes. This study, involving 352 respondents, produced empirically derived, two-dimensional taxonomies of inputs and outcomes, laying the foundation for identification of key variables. Specifically, the study summarizes a typology of 9 distinct employee inputs perceived as controllable by individuals, including effort, education, attendance, and cooperativeness. Conversely, the study summarizes a typology of 14 distinct outcomes along a continuum of 4 dimensions, including personalized vs. generalized and economic vs. noneconomic characteristics. These typologies and incumbent regression analysis provide insight into the complexities associated with inputs and outcomes in the context of equity theory.
Keywords: equity theory, taxonomy of inputs/outputs, typologies of employees
JEL Classification: M50, M59, M54, M12, M14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Schraeder, Mike and Morrison, Roger and Siegel, Philip H., A Taxonomy of Equity Factors (May 16, 2008). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 61–75, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1608985