Gender, Transnational Networks and Remittances: Evidence from Germany
27 Pages Posted: 22 May 2010 Last revised: 16 Jul 2010
Date Written: April 2010
Remittances from Germany are substantial. Cross-border transfers to family and friendship networks outside Germany are not only made by foreigners. Many naturalized migrants send money home as well. Here, we focus on transnational networks and gender-specific determinants of remittances from the senders’ perspective, based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) for the years 2001-2006. Our findings show, above all, that foreign women remit less than foreign men. Using information on the social network in the home country we find, first, that the social network abroad explains part of gender differences in remittance behavior. Second, employing gender interaction terms for the social network effects suggests that remittance behavior is affected by traditional gender roles. Third social integration into the destination country matters. Remittance decisions of naturalized migrants do not show the aforementioned gender effect.
Keywords: Remittances, Gender, Foreigners, Naturalized Migrants
JEL Classification: F24, J16, D13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation