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Work Sample Exams and Gender Adverse Impact Potential: The Influence of Self-Concept, Social Skills, and Written Skills

14 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2010  

Philip L. Roth

Clemson University - Department of Management

Maury A. Buster

State of Alabama - Personnel Department

Janet Barnes-Farrell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

We clarify the existing literature on gender differences in work sample exams by disentangling such differences on work sample exams from other predictors (e.g., situational judgment tests). In fact, we note that there are only two articles specifically related to gender differences in work sample exams. Based on theory and literature from social psychology, neuropsychology, and applied psychology, we propose that the three constructs of self-concept, social skills, and writing skills are likely to influence work sample gender differences. We tested our hypotheses on two samples of managers. We found in one instance that males scored higher on a technical exercise, but there was stronger support for females, on average, scoring higher on exercises that involved social skills and on exercises that involved writing skills. Work samples that targeted a broad array of knowledge, skills, and abilities were associated with higher overall scores for females (ds of −.37 and −.34) and, thus, were unlikely to be associated with gender-based adverse impact against females.

Suggested Citation

Roth, Philip L. and Buster, Maury A. and Barnes-Farrell, Janet, Work Sample Exams and Gender Adverse Impact Potential: The Influence of Self-Concept, Social Skills, and Written Skills. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 117-130, June 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1611962 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2389.2010.00494.x

Philip Roth (Contact Author)

Clemson University - Department of Management ( email )

101 Sirrine Hall
Clemson, SC 29634
United States
864-656-2015 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://business.clemson.edu/Managemt/faculty/l3_fac_Roth.html

Maury Buster

State of Alabama - Personnel Department

64 North Union Street, Room 300
Montgomery, AL 36130
United States
334 242-3389 (Phone)
334 242-1110 (Fax)

Janet Barnes-Farrell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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