A Model of Deliberation Based on Rawls’s Political Liberalism
58 Pages Posted: 29 May 2010 Last revised: 13 Feb 2012
Date Written: May 27, 2010
In this paper, we present a model of deliberation based on Rawls’s political liberalism. Our formalization gives a new perspective on his political theory. Moreover, we obtain quantitative results on political deliberation under Rawlsian rules. Finally, we elaborate two arguments in favor of Rawlsian deliberation: ﬁrst, deliberation is epistemically valuable when, all other things being equal, it tends to favor the better view, because in this case, deliberators settle on the better view with high probability. Second, results suggest that when citizens deliberate within the limits of Rawlsian public reason, they can reach unanimity faster than when they deliberate outside these limits.
Keywords: deliberation, formal model, political liberalism, Rawls
JEL Classification: C69, D70, D71, D72, D74, D82, D83
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