Superfund at 30

Vermont Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 11, p. 191, 2009

57 Pages Posted: 28 May 2010

Date Written: Fall 2009


TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 192 I. Cleaning Up Contaminated Sites 200 A. Program Accomplishments 205 B. NPL Listings/Deletions 206 C. Construction Complete 209 D. Government Performance Results Act Measures 210 E. Removal Actions 212 II. Paying for Cleanup: Taxes and Liability 213 A. Superfund Trust Fund 216 B. Liability as a Funding Mechanism 221 C. Spreading Costs Among Private Parties 230 III. Issues on the Horizon 241 A. Can the Quality and Pace of Cleanups Be Improved? 242 B. What Steps Need to Be Taken to Ensure a Robust and Reliable Long-term Stewardship - or Post-cleanup - Program? 243 C. Will Private Parties Continue To Contribute Work and Money to NPL Cleanups, and Will They Continue To Clean Up Sites on Their Own? 244 D. What Are the Funding Needs for the Superfund Program over the Next Five to Ten Years? 246 E. Improving Superfund Requires Increased Program Evaluation and Greater Transparency 247

Keywords: Superfund, CERCLA, Trust fund, taxes, environmental, brownfields, cost recovery, liability, natural resources damages, contribution, joint and several, cleanup, spill, emergency, remediation, removal, history, EPA, NPL, environmental policy, environmental economics, environmental liability

JEL Classification: Q28, Q2, K13, K23, K32, M14

Suggested Citation

Judy, Martha L. and Probst, Katherine Nicole, Superfund at 30 (Fall 2009). Vermont Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 11, p. 191, 2009 . Available at SSRN:

Martha L. Judy (Contact Author)

Vermont Law School ( email )

164 Chelsea Street
P.O. Box 96
South Royalton, VT 05068
United States
802-831-1345 (Phone)


Katherine Nicole Probst

Resources for the Future ( email )

1616 P Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

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