Public Goods Access and Juvenile Sex Ratios in Rural India: Evidence from the 1991 and 2001 Village Census Data

40 Pages Posted: 28 May 2010

See all articles by Anil B. Deolalikar

Anil B. Deolalikar

University of California, Riverside (UCR) - Department of Economics

Rana Hasan

Asian Development Bank; University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Rohini Somanathan

University of Delhi - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 1, 2009

Abstract

We use village level data from the 1991 and 2001 Indian Censuses to examine how the availability of health facilities and safe drinking water at the village level affect juvenile sex ratios. In addition to controlling for village fixed effects in our estimating equation of the juvenile sex ratio, we also allow villages to be heterogeneous in terms of how their juvenile sex ratios respond to the availability of health facilities and safe drinking water. A key result we obtain is that although the presence of public health facilities does not exert a positive, significant effect on juvenile sex ratios on average, they do so in villages where the problem of discrimination against girls is most acute, i.e., in villages at the 0.10 and 0.25 quantiles of the conditional juvenile sex ratio distribution. Thus public policy can be an effective tool in improving gender balance in cases where it is most needed.

Suggested Citation

Deolalikar, Anil B. and Hasan, Rana and Somanathan, Rohini, Public Goods Access and Juvenile Sex Ratios in Rural India: Evidence from the 1991 and 2001 Village Census Data (July 1, 2009). Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 167. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1616945 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1616945

Anil B. Deolalikar (Contact Author)

University of California, Riverside (UCR) - Department of Economics ( email )

900 University Avenue
4136 Sproul Hall
Riverside, CA 92521
United States

Rana Hasan

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States
808-944-7590 (Phone)
808-944-7399 (Fax)

Rohini Somanathan

University of Delhi - Department of Economics ( email )

Delhi-110007
India

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