Equity in Health and Health Care in the Philippines

35 Pages Posted: 28 May 2010

Date Written: August 1, 2009


Equity is an abstract concept covering philosophical issues such as fairness and social justice, making its definition and measurement very complex. This study attempts to define and measure equity in health status and health care utilization using the equity index of opportunity. The study introduces a methodology to explain equity in terms of between- and within-group equity. While the between-group equity implies equal treatment for equal needs, the within-group equity implies that individuals with unequal needs should be treated unequally according to their different needs. The proposed methodology can be applied to any socioeconomic and demographic group. Empirical analysis is carried out using Demographic and Health Surveys and Annual Poverty Indicator Surveys conducted in the Philippines.

Suggested Citation

Son, Hyun H., Equity in Health and Health Care in the Philippines (August 1, 2009). Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 171. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1616951 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1616951

Hyun H. Son (Contact Author)

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila

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