Time-Varying Leverage Effects
37 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2010
Date Written: May 26, 2010
Vast empirical evidence points to the existence of a negative correlation, named “leverage effect”, between shocks in variance and shocks in returns. We provide a nonparametric theory of leverage estimation in the context of a continuous-time stochastic volatility model with jumps in returns, jumps in variance, or both. Leverage is defined as a flexible function of the state of the firm, as summarized by the spot variance level. We show that its point-wise functional estimates have asymptotic properties (in terms of rates of convergence, limiting biases, and limiting variances) which crucially depend on the likelihood of the individual jumps and co-jumps as well as on the features of the jump size distributions. Empirically, we find economically important time-variation in leverage with more negative values associated with higher variance levels.
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