Asylum Policy in the European Union: An Examination of the Reception Conditions Directive and Housing Facilities for Asylum Seekers in Malta
63 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2010 Last revised: 17 May 2015
Date Written: August 30, 2010
The working paper attempts to answer the following question: what are the legislative shortcomings in the European Union's Directive 2003/9/EC on the minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers which have subsequently contributed to legitimizing the State's “right” to accommodate asylum seekers in undignified, ghettoized housing facilities and why do these shortcomings exist? This Directive - which is framed in a language of humanity, dignity, and respect - attempts to establish adequate reception conditions for asylum seekers across the EU including access to employment, education, health care, and housing. Essentially this paper attempts to explain how ghettoized housing facilities for asylum seekers in the Mediterranean island-State of Malta are implicated by the contested meaning of ‘adequate’ and ‘dignified’ as stipulated in the Directive. In doing so, this paper demonstrates the extent to which, and why, asylum policy in the EU has contributed to the marginalization of asylum seekers.I n the context of a human rights-based approach, this paper combines a review of the literature in the field with an in-depth analysis of the lived experiences of asylum seekers in a State-funded housing facility for asylum applicants in Malta.
Keywords: Europe, asylum policy, refugee, Directive, Malta
JEL Classification: J60, J68, J70, J79
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation