Efficient Investment Portfolios for the Swiss Electricity Supply Sector

FCN Working Paper No. 2/2008

47 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2010

See all articles by Reinhard Madlener

Reinhard Madlener

RWTH Aachen University; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Christoph Wenk

University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance

Date Written: August 1, 2008


In this paper, we investigate existing and possible future power generation capacities in Switzerland from a risk-return perspective, using the Mean-Variance Portfolio Theory of Markowitz (1952). The study covers power generation technologies currently in operation, such as nuclear power, storage hydro power and run-of-river hydro power plants, and two new renewable energy technologies (photovoltaics and wind). Additionally, natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) technology, a possible extension to the current Swiss portfolio, is assessed. The technology-specific risks considered include electricity spot market price, production capacity and reliability, fuel cost, funding liabilities, and operation and maintenance outlays. These factors are implemented in a Net Present Value (NPV) model and Monte Carlo simulations are applied to assess each investment alternative. The lifetime-adjusted average return, together with the return-speci¯c variance, forms the basis for the portfolio optimization conducted in the second stage of the analysis. The minimum variance (or maximum return) optimization is performed separately for base-load and peak-load technology portfolios. By defining different scenarios for the upper and lower bound for each technology's share, we simulate different situations, enabling us both, to explain the risk-return profile of the current technology mix, and to make predictions for future portfolios. Our NPV calculations are in line with currently observed returns and, by imposing some reasonable restrictions, the model performs sufficiently well in terms of explaining past portfolio compositions. Moreover, our predicted optimal outcome matches quite nicely with the debated options for enlarging power production in Switzerland.

Keywords: Portfolio Optimization, Peak Load Demand, Electricity Supply, Switzerland

JEL Classification: G11, Q42

Suggested Citation

Madlener, Reinhard and Wenk, Christoph, Efficient Investment Portfolios for the Swiss Electricity Supply Sector (August 1, 2008). FCN Working Paper No. 2/2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1620417 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1620417

Reinhard Madlener (Contact Author)

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

School of Business and Economics / E.ON ERC
Mathieustraße 10
Aachen, 52074
+49 241 80 49 820 (Phone)
+49 241 80 49 829 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.eonerc.rwth-aachen.de/fcn

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) ( email )

Trondheim NO-7491, 7491

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/reinhard.madlener

Christoph Wenk

University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance ( email )

Schönberggasse 1
Zürich, 8001

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