Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women

51 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2010 Last revised: 15 Jun 2010

See all articles by Hope Corman

Hope Corman

Rider University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Dhaval Dave

Bentley University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office

Nancy E. Reichman

University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Dhiman Das

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2010

Abstract

Exploiting changes in welfare policy across states and over time and comparing relevant population subgroups within an econometric difference-in-differences framework, we estimate the causal effects of welfare reform on adult women's illicit drug use from 1992 to 2002, the period during which welfare reform unfolded in the U.S. The analyses are based on all available and appropriate national datasets, each offering unique strengths and measuring a different drug-related outcome. We investigate self-reported illicit drug use (from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health), drug-related prison admissions (from the National Corrections Reporting Program), drug-related arrests (from the Uniform Crime Reports), drug-related treatment admissions (from the Treatment Episode Data Set), and drug-related emergency room episodes (from the Drug Abuse Warning Network). We find robust and compelling evidence that welfare reform led to declines in illicit drug use and increases in drug treatment among women at risk for relying on welfare, and some evidence that the effects operate, at least in part, through both TANF drug sanctions and work incentives.

Suggested Citation

Corman, Hope and Dave, Dhaval and Reichman, Nancy E. and Das, Dhiman, Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women (June 2010). NBER Working Paper No. w16072. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1624113

Hope Corman (Contact Author)

Rider University ( email )

2083 Lawrenceville Road
Lawrenceville, NJ 08648
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609-895-5559 (Phone)
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Dhaval Dave

Bentley University - Department of Economics ( email )

175 Forest Street
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United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office

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New York, NY 10016-4309
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Nancy E. Reichman

University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School ( email )

97 Paterson Street
Room 435
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
United States

Dhiman Das

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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