Hegemonic Federalism: The Democratic Implications of the UN Security Council’s ‘Legislative’ Phase
New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 175-198, 2007
22 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2010
Date Written: June 1, 2006
Several recent UN Security Council anti-terrorism resolutions amount to legislation for the international community. The Security Council’s new approach raises real predicaments for those states that, in their domestic system of government, are democracies. Not least, the Council risks disturbing the carefully balanced features of liberal democracy, including the very separation of powers on which functioning democracies are built. The article that follows explores this contention, with a particular focus on the implications of Security Council action for Canadian democracy. It concludes that the Security Council’s legislative phase creates a new species of international/domestic legal interface, perhaps best described as “hegemonic federalism” - that is, a system in which the Security Council asserts plenary law-project authority over the Canadian federal executive, which in turn responds with direct implementation of the international resolution or strongly encourages (and in majority Parliament’s likely ensures) compliance by Parliament.
Keywords: 1267 committee,Security Council,United Nations,terrorism,sanctions,federalism,United Nations Charter
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