Measuring External Competitiveness: An Overview

Government of the Italian Republic, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Department of the Treasury Working Paper No. 2

55 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2010

See all articles by Jules Leichter

Jules Leichter

University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics

Cristina Mocci

Ministry of Economy and Finance, Italy

Stefania Pozzuoli

Ministry of Economy and Finance, Italy

Date Written: April 2, 2010

Abstract

The analysis of a country's competitiveness is of great interest to policy makers. Measuring the competitiveness of a country generally requires an assessment of the overall dynamism of the economy, including productivity and GDP growth, as well as the performance of exporting firms in the global market place. The focus of this paper is to outline the methodology commonly used to determine the state of a country's external performance, both the level and trend, and the factors which have contributed to recent developments. The literature shows that while macroeconomic indicators are essential to provide a broad picture of trends, they should be supplemented with an analysis using microeconomic data. We report on recent work analyzing Italy's external competitiveness which highlights some negative trends, including a loss of export market share, but also shows that there are some positive developments in terms of quality upgrading and firm restructuring. Finally, some preliminary estimates of the potential impact of the recent crisis on external competitiveness are presented using methods of multivariate analysis.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Exports, FDI, International Trade

JEL Classification: F1, F23

Suggested Citation

Leichter, Jules and Mocci, Cristina and Pozzuoli, Stefania, Measuring External Competitiveness: An Overview (April 2, 2010). Government of the Italian Republic, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Department of the Treasury Working Paper No. 2, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1628111 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1628111

Jules Leichter (Contact Author)

University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics ( email )

Santa Cruz, CA 95064
United States
831-459-5900 (Fax)

Cristina Mocci

Ministry of Economy and Finance, Italy ( email )

Via XX Settembre 97
Rome, Rome 00187
Italy

Stefania Pozzuoli

Ministry of Economy and Finance, Italy ( email )

Via XX Settembre 97
Rome, Rome 00187
Italy

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