Unfettered Discretion: Criminal Orders of Protection and Their Impact on Parent Defendants

30 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2010 Last revised: 29 Apr 2011

David Michael Jaros

University of Baltimore - School of Law

Date Written: June 23, 2010

Abstract

The last two decades have witnessed an astonishing increase in the use of the criminal justice system to police neglectful parents. Recasting traditional allegations of neglect as criminal charges of endangering the welfare of a child, prosecutors and the police have involved criminal courts in the regulation of aspects of the parent child relationship that were once the sole province of family courts. This Article explores the legal implications of vesting judges in these cases with the unfettered discretion to issue protective orders that criminalize contact between a parent and her child. I argue that procedures for issuing protective orders that were once justified by the challenges of fighting domestic violence cannot constitutionally be applied to parents charged with criminal neglect. Instead, criminal courts and legislatures should look to family court, the forum traditionally empowered to police neglectful parents, for guidance on how to properly intervene on behalf of neglected children.

Keywords: Criminal Law, Family Law, Orders of Protection, Protective Orders, Prosecutorial Discretion, Neglect, Endangering the Welfare of a Child

JEL Classification: K14

Suggested Citation

Jaros, David Michael, Unfettered Discretion: Criminal Orders of Protection and Their Impact on Parent Defendants (June 23, 2010). Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 85, p. 1445, 2010; University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1629339

David Michael Jaros (Contact Author)

University of Baltimore - School of Law ( email )

1420 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States

HOME PAGE: http://law.ubalt.edu/

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