Are School Counselors a Cost-Effective Education Input?
20 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2010 Last revised: 30 Jan 2011
Date Written: January 28, 2011
While much is known about the effects of class size and teacher quality on achievement, there is little evidence on whether policymakers can improve education by utilizing non-instructional resources. We exploit plausibly exogenous within-school variation in counselors and find that one additional counselor increases boys’ reading and math achievement by over one percentile point, and reduces misbehavior of both boys and girls. Estimates imply the marginal counselor has the same impact on overall achievement as increasing the quality of every teacher in the school by nearly one-third of a standard deviation, and is twice as effective as reducing class size by hiring an additional teacher.
Keywords: Education Production
JEL Classification: I21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation