Gender, Competition and the Efficiency of Policy Interventions

36 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2010

See all articles by Loukas Balafoutas

Loukas Balafoutas

University of Innsbruck

Matthias Sutter

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods; University of Cologne - Department of Economics

Abstract

Recent research has shown that women shy away from competition more often than men. We evaluate experimentally three alternative policy interventions to promote women in competitions: Quotas, Preferential Treatment, and Repetition of the Competition unless a critical number of female winners is reached. We find that Quotas and Preferential Treatment encourage women to compete significantly more often than in a control treatment, while efficiency in selecting the best candidates as winners is not worse. The level of cooperation in a post-competition teamwork task is even higher with successful policy interventions. Hence, policy measures promoting women can have a double dividend.

Keywords: competition, gender gap, experiment, affirmative action, teamwork, coordination

JEL Classification: C91, D03

Suggested Citation

Balafoutas, Loukas and Sutter, Matthias, Gender, Competition and the Efficiency of Policy Interventions. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4955. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1631090

Loukas Balafoutas (Contact Author)

University of Innsbruck ( email )

Universit├Ątsstra├če 15
Innsbruck, Innsbruck 6020
Austria

Matthias Sutter

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

University of Cologne - Department of Economics

Cologne, 50923
Germany

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