Gender Differences in Productivity Rewards in Italy: The Role of Human Capital

40 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2010

See all articles by Tindara Addabbo

Tindara Addabbo

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and Economics

Donata Favaro

Department of Economics M.Fanno - University of Padova (Italy); Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Stefano Magrini

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia

Date Written: June 28, 2010

Abstract

In this paper we evaluate the gender wage gap component due to differences in characteristics’ rewards in Italy. The main focus is on the relationship between human capital characteristics and gender differences in rewards. We propose a methodology that combines the quantile regression analysis with non-parametric procedures for the estimation of the probability density functions of reward differentials in order to evaluate the evolution of the gap due to human capital characteristics. The analysis is carried out on Italian data taken from the latest available cross-section of the European Community Household Panel (2001). Our study suggests that education can be a good productivity signal and helps reduce the range of the gap; furthermore, highly-educated women experience lesser gender-based pay differences as the length of the employment relationship increases.

Keywords: Gender wage gap, human capital, distributional analysis

JEL Classification: J31, C14, C31

Suggested Citation

Addabbo, Tindara and Favaro, Donata and Magrini, Stefano, Gender Differences in Productivity Rewards in Italy: The Role of Human Capital (June 28, 2010). University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Dept. of Economics Research Paper Series No. 11_10, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1631651 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1631651

Tindara Addabbo

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and Economics

Viale Berengario 51
41100 Modena, Modena 41100
Italy

Donata Favaro

Department of Economics M.Fanno - University of Padova (Italy) ( email )

via Del Santo 33
Padova, 35123
Italy

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) ( email )

Turin, TO
Italy

Stefano Magrini (Contact Author)

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia ( email )

Cannaregio 873
Venice, 30121
Italy

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