China's Marriage Market and Upcoming Challenges for Elderly Men

39 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Monica Das Gupta

Monica Das Gupta

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Avraham Y. Ebenstein

Harvard University; University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics

Ethan Jennings Sharygin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: June 1, 2010

Abstract

Fertility decline has fueled a sharp increase in the proportion of' missing girls' in China, so an increasing share of males will fail to marry, and will face old age without the support normally provided by wives and children. This paper shows that historically, China has had nearly-universal marriage for women and a very competitive market for men. Lower-educated men experience higher rates of bachelorhood while women favor men with better prospects, migrating if needed from poorer to wealthier areas. The authors examine the anticipated effects of this combination of bride shortage and hypergamy, for different regions of China. Their projections indicate that unmarried males will likely be concentrated in poorer provinces with low fiscal ability to provide social protection to their citizens. Such geographic concentration of unmarried males could be socially disruptive, and the paper?s findings suggest a need to expand the coverage of social protection programs financed substantially by the central government.

Keywords: Population Policies, Population & Development, Demographics, Gender and Law, Gender and Health

Suggested Citation

Das Gupta, Monica and Ebenstein, Avraham Y. and Sharygin, Ethan Jennings, China's Marriage Market and Upcoming Challenges for Elderly Men (June 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5351, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1632195

Monica Das Gupta (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/mdasgupta

Avraham Y. Ebenstein

Harvard University ( email )

1730 Cambridge Street, S408
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics ( email )

549 Evans Hall #3880
Berkeley, CA 94720-3880
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.demog.berkeley.edu/~ebenstei

Ethan Jennings Sharygin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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