Organisational Change and the Institutionalisation of University Patenting Activity in Italy

Minerva, Vol. 52, pp. 27-53, 2014

27 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2010 Last revised: 26 Mar 2014

See all articles by Nicola Baldini

Nicola Baldini

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Riccardo Fini

University of Bologna - Department of Management; Imperial College London

Rosa Grimaldi

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Maurizio Sobrero

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Date Written: June 29, 2010

Abstract

In this paper, using a neo-institutional perspective, we model inter-temporal organisational responses applied to the diffusion and evolution of regulations and practices in university patenting activities. Our study is located in Italy, and it is based on the complete list of patent regulations issued by the population of Italian universities, between 1993 and 2009. We show that in environments characterised by high levels of centralization (i.e. Italy), once each university was allowed to define modes and rules for its own activities, they searched locally, adopting mimetic behaviours, replicating the practices of the most prestigious and visible academic institutions. We also show that, once legislatively re-constrained, the organisational solutions identified by universities were legitimated by the emergence of a community of practice that, developing a set of norms and routines, formed the basis for the occurrence of normative isomorphism. This sequence of different isomorphic behaviours generated severe constraints to the effectiveness of new regulatory policies. Cohercive isomorphism induced by state legislation, therefore, not only became unable to reach the targeted goals, but also indirectly reinforced the dynamics generated by normative isomorphism. Implications for theory and policy are discussed.

Keywords: University Patents, Patent Regulations, Institutional Change, Isomorphism

JEL Classification: O31, O32

Suggested Citation

Baldini, Nicola and Fini, Riccardo and Grimaldi, Rosa and Sobrero, Maurizio, Organisational Change and the Institutionalisation of University Patenting Activity in Italy (June 29, 2010). Minerva, Vol. 52, pp. 27-53, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1632430 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1632430

Nicola Baldini

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Via Capo di Lucca 34
Bologna, 40126
Italy

Riccardo Fini (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Via Terracini 28
Bologna, 40131
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.unibo.it/faculty/riccardo.fini

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
London SW7 2AZ, DC
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/r.fini

Rosa Grimaldi

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
Bologna, Bologna 40126
Italy

Maurizio Sobrero

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Via Capo di Lucca 34
40126 Bologna, Bologna 40126
Italy
+39 051 2098076 (Phone)

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