6 Pages Posted: 4 Jul 2010
Date Written: July 3, 2010
Mutual Funds in India are financial instruments. A mutual fund is not an alternative investment option to stocks and bonds, rather it pools the money of several investors and invests this in stocks, bonds, money market instruments and other types of securities. The owner of a mutual fund unit gets a proportional share of the fund’s gains, losses, income and expenses. Mutual Fund is vehicle for investment in stocks and Bonds. Each mutual fund has a specific stated objective. The fund’s objective is laid out in the fund's prospectus, which is the legal document that contains information about the fund, its history, its officers and its performance. Some popular objectives of a mutual fund are: Fund Objective - What the fund will invest in; Equity (Growth) - Only in stocks; Debt (Income); Only in fixed-income securities; Money Market (including Gilt) - In short-term money market instruments (including government securities); Balanced - Partly in stocks and partly in fixed-income securities, in order to maintain a 'balance' in returns and risk. The share value of the Mutual Funds in India is known as net asset value per share (NAV). The NAV is calculated on the total amount of the Mutual Funds in India, by dividing it with the number of shares issued and outstanding shares on daily basis. The company that puts together a mutual fund is called an AMC. An AMC may have several mutual fund schemes with similar or varied investment objectives. The AMC hires a professional money manager, who buys and sells securities in line with the fund's stated objective. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) mutual fund regulations require that the fund’s objectives are clearly spelt out in the prospectus. In addition, every mutual fund has a board of directors that is supposed to represent the shareholders' interests, rather than the AMC’s.
Keywords: Mutual Fund in India
JEL Classification: G3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Gayathri, S. and Karthika, S. and Kumar, Gajendran Lenin, Mutual Funds in India – Emerging Prospects, Issues and Challenges (July 3, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1634302 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1634302
By D. Rao