Does Foreign Direct Investment Reduce Poverty in Africa and are there Regional Differences?

60 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2010 Last revised: 15 May 2015

See all articles by Gaston Gohou

Gaston Gohou

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Issouf Soumaré

Laval University

Date Written: July 8, 2010

Abstract

This paper re-examines the relationship between FDI inflows and welfare (or poverty reduction) in Africa. Using FDI net inflows per capita and the UNDP’s HDI as the principal variables, our analyses confirm the positive and strongly significant relationship between FDI net inflows and poverty reduction in Africa but find significant differences among African regions. We also find that FDI has a greater impact on welfare in poorer countries than it does in wealthier countries. For instance, while the relationship between FDI and poverty reduction is positive and significant for economic communities in Central and East Africa, it is non-significant in Northern and Southern Africa. Furthermore, the relationship was found to be ambiguous in West Africa. Our results are robust to many model specifications.

Keywords: Africa, FDI, foreign direct investment, economic growth, poverty reduction, regional integration, welfare.

JEL Classification: O1, R1, F3

Suggested Citation

Gohou, Gaston Logoue and Soumaré, Issouf, Does Foreign Direct Investment Reduce Poverty in Africa and are there Regional Differences? (July 8, 2010). World Development, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1636352 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1636352

Gaston Logoue Gohou

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Issouf Soumaré (Contact Author)

Laval University ( email )

Faculty of Business Administration
Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate
Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6
Canada
1418 656 3423 (Phone)
1418 656 2624 (Fax)

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