The CSR-Firm Performance Missing Link: Complementarity between Environmental, Social and Business Behavior Criteria?
Posted: 11 Jul 2010
Date Written: July 9, 2010
This article analyzes the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and firm performance by proposing a theoretical model and by testing empirically its main predictions on a matched panel database for the biggest European listed firms over the 2002-2007 period. Our dataset gathers two sources of information: environmental, social and governance (ESG) ratings from the Vigeo database, and economic and financial performance data from the Orbis database. Using the System GMM estimator for dynamic panel data model, we test the complementarity and substitutability, that is the super- and sub-modularity between various corporate social responsibility practices, along with its impact on firm performance. We do observe that a complementarity premium on specific CSR dimensions (human resources and business behavior towards customers and suppliers) exists but also that some practices are relative substitutes (environment and business behaviors).
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, supermodularity, panel data
JEL Classification: M14 , L21, C33
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