Spillovers in Space: Does Geography Matter?
41 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2010
Date Written: July 2010
We simultaneously assess the contributions to productivity of three sources of research and development spillovers: geographic, technology and product -market proximity. To do this, we construct a new measure of geographic proximity that is based on the distribution of a firm's inventor locations rather than its headquarters, and we report both parametric and semiparametric estimates of our geographic- distance functions. We find that: i) Geographic space matters even after conditioning on horizontal and technological spillovers; ii) Technological proximity matters; iii) Product -market proximity is less important; iv) Locations of researchers are more important than headquarters but both have explanatory power; and v) Geographic markets are very local.
Keywords: geographic proximity, R&D spillovers, semiparametric, technological proximity
JEL Classification: C23, L60, O33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation