Democracy and British Plantation Colonialism
23 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last revised: 6 Aug 2010
Date Written: 2010
This paper explores why former British plantation colonies have relatively high levels of democracy through an analysis of one positive case (Mauritius) and one negative case (Guyana). The analysis finds that Mauritius developed an effective democratic system during the final years of colonialism. It was made possible through extensive political reforms backed by strong societal support and a relatively effective state capable of implementing them. Alternatively, similar political reforms did not occur in Guyana because of intense conflict between the colonized and the colonizers and between Indo-Guyanan and Afro-Guyanan communities. Even more, the conflict weakened the state and promoted autocratic rule.
Keywords: Plantations, British Colonialism, Democracy, Mauritius, Guyana
JEL Classification: H70, H11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation