Ideology and the Congressional Vote Appendix

5 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last revised: 10 Oct 2014

Boris Shor

University of Houston - Department of Political Science; Georgetown University, Department of Government

Jon Rogowski

Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science

Date Written: July 11, 2014

Abstract

A large class of theoretical models posits that voters choose candidates on the basis of issue congruence, but convincing empirical tests of this key claim remain elusive. The most persistent difficulty is obtaining comparable spatial estimates for winning and losing candidates, as well as voters. We address these issues using candidate surveys to characterize the electoral platforms for winners and losers, and large issue batteries in 2008 and 2010 to estimate voter preferences. Questions that were answered by both candidates and citizens allow us to jointly scale these estimates. We find robust evidence that vote choice in congressional elections is strongly associated with spatial proximity. Individual-level and contextual variables commonly associated with congressional voting behavior condition the importance of spatial proximity for vote choice, yet ideological considerations still continue to play a substantial role in vote choice. Our results have important implications for theories of voter decision-making and electoral institutions.

Keywords: Ideology, Congress, Ideal Points, Bridging, Representation, Common Space, Voting

Suggested Citation

Shor, Boris and Rogowski, Jon, Ideology and the Congressional Vote Appendix (July 11, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1643518 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1643518

Boris Shor (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Political Science ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-3011
United States

Georgetown University, Department of Government ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
3122834599 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://research.bshor.com

Jon Rogowski

Washington University in St. Louis - Department of Political Science ( email )

Campus Box 1133
One Brookings Drive
Saint Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States

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