Xenophobia and Nationalism in Russia
42 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last revised: 6 Sep 2010
Date Written: August 23, 2010
We consider the relationship between xenophobia and nationalism in Russia, by examining multi-level determinants of xenophobia and considering how those factors speak to existing models of nationalism. We begin with a discussion of the theoretical relationship between xenophobia and nationalism, including definitions and theoretical models of contributing factors. We then conduct an original analysis of the determinants of xenophobia in Russia. In particular, using hierarchical linear models we analyze how individual and regional level characteristics affect xenophobic attitudes. We discuss the significance of these findings within the context of the Russia and in the broader evaluation of common understandings of the causes of xenophobia. We then discuss these results in light of the existing literature on nationalism in Russia and other former Soviet states.
Individual level data for the xenophobia analysis were collected in 2003-2004; we compiled regional level data from Russian statistical agencies and the All-Russia 2002 Census for the 43 regions in which we had individual survey responses.
Keywords: nationalism, xenophobia, russia
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