How Can Public Spending Help You Grow? An Empirical Analysis for Developing Countries

51 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Nihal Bayraktar

Nihal Bayraktar

Pennsylvania State University - School of Business Administration; World Bank

Blanca Moreno-Dodson

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 1, 2010


Although many studies indicate that both the level and composition of public spending are significant for economic growth, the results in the empirical literature are still mixed. This paper studies the importance of country sample selection and expenditure classification in explaining these conflicting results. It investigates a set of fast-growing countries versus a mix of countries with different growth patterns. The regression specifications include different components of public expenditure and total fiscal revenues, always considering the overall government budget constraint. Total public spending is first disaggregated using a definition that classifies public spending as productive versus unproductive components, an a priori criterion that is based on the expected impact of public spending items on the private sector production function. After empirically confirming the validity of this definition in the panel analysis, the authors suggest and test an alternative definition of "core" public spending that may be more appropriate for developing countries. The empirical analysis shows that the link between growth and public spending, especially the productive and "core" components, is strong only for the fast-growing group. In addition, macroeconomic stability, openness, and private sector investment are significant in the fast-growing group, which points to the existence of an economic policy environment more conducive to growth in the first group of countries. The authors conclude that public spending can be a significant determinant of growth for countries that are capable of using funds for productive purposes.

Keywords: Public Sector Expenditure Policy, Subnational Economic Development, Public Sector Economics, Debt Markets, Achieving Shared Growth

Suggested Citation

Bayraktar, Nihal and Moreno-Dodson, Blanca, How Can Public Spending Help You Grow? An Empirical Analysis for Developing Countries (July 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5367, Available at SSRN:

Nihal Bayraktar (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University - School of Business Administration ( email )

777 West Harrisburg Pike
Middletown, PA 17057-4898
United States
+1 717 948 6142 (Phone)


World Bank

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Blanca Moreno-Dodson

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics