Do Non-Cognitive Skills Help Explain the Occupational Segregation of Young People?
Claremont Colleges - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Deborah A. Cobb-Clark
School of Economics, University of Sydney; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
July 20, 2010
Claremont McKenna College Robert Day School of Economics and Finance Research Paper No. 2010-02
This paper investigates the role of non-cognitive skills in the occupational segregation of young workers entering the U.S. labor market. We find entry into male-dominated fields of study and male-dominated occupations are both related to the extent to which individuals believe they are intelligent and have “male” traits while entry into male-dominated occupations is also related to the willingness to work hard, impulsivity, and the tendency to avoid problems. The nature of these relationships differs for men and women, however. Non-cognitive skills (intelligence and impulsivity) also influence movement into higher-paid occupations, but in ways that are similar for men and women. On balance, non-cognitive skills provide an important, though incomplete, explanation for segregation in the fields that young men and women study as well as in the occupations in which they are employed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: non-cognitive skills, occupation, youth, gender
JEL Classification: J24, J16, J31
Date posted: July 23, 2010