Do Non-Cognitive Skills Help Explain the Occupational Segregation of Young People?

43 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2010  

Heather Antecol

Claremont McKenna College - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

School of Economics, University of Sydney; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 20, 2010

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of non-cognitive skills in the occupational segregation of young workers entering the U.S. labor market. We find entry into male-dominated fields of study and male-dominated occupations are both related to the extent to which individuals believe they are intelligent and have “male” traits while entry into male-dominated occupations is also related to the willingness to work hard, impulsivity, and the tendency to avoid problems. The nature of these relationships differs for men and women, however. Non-cognitive skills (intelligence and impulsivity) also influence movement into higher-paid occupations, but in ways that are similar for men and women. On balance, non-cognitive skills provide an important, though incomplete, explanation for segregation in the fields that young men and women study as well as in the occupations in which they are employed.

Keywords: non-cognitive skills, occupation, youth, gender

JEL Classification: J24, J16, J31

Suggested Citation

Antecol, Heather and Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., Do Non-Cognitive Skills Help Explain the Occupational Segregation of Young People? (July 20, 2010). Claremont McKenna College Robert Day School of Economics and Finance Research Paper No. 2010-02. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1647209 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1647209

Heather Antecol (Contact Author)

Claremont McKenna College - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance ( email )

500 E. Ninth Street
Claremont, CA 91711
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

School of Economics, University of Sydney ( email )

Rm 370 Merewether (H04)
Sydney, NSW 2006 2008
Australia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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