Why Does Intermarriage Increase Immigrant Employment? The Role of Networks

43 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2010

See all articles by Delia Furtado

Delia Furtado

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Nikolaos Theodoropoulos

University of Cyprus

Abstract

Social networks are commonly understood to play a large role in the labor market success of immigrants. Using 2000 U.S. Census data, this paper examines whether access to native networks, as measured by marriage to a native, increases the probability of immigrant employment. We start by confirming in both least squares and instrumental variables frameworks that marriage to a native indeed increases immigrant employment rates. Next, we show that the returns to marrying a native are not likely to arise solely from legal status acquired through marriage or characteristics of native spouses. We then present several pieces of evidence suggesting that networks obtained through marriage play an important part in explaining the relationship between marriage decisions and employment.

Keywords: immigration, marriage, employment, networks

JEL Classification: J61, J12, J21

Suggested Citation

Furtado, Delia and Theodoropoulos, Nikolaos, Why Does Intermarriage Increase Immigrant Employment? The Role of Networks. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5080, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1648365

Delia Furtado (Contact Author)

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics ( email )

365 Fairfield Way, U-1063
Storrs, CT 06269-1063
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Nikolaos Theodoropoulos

University of Cyprus ( email )

CY-1678 Nicosia
Nicosia, Nicosia P.O. Box 2
Cyprus

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