Use at Common Law and Under the Uniform Trade Secrets Act
Eric R. Claeys
George Mason University
July 27, 2010
Hamline Law Review, Forthcoming
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 10-34
This Essay was prepared for a symposium on the Uniform Trade Secrets Act hosted at Hamline University School of Law. At common law, a party may not claim that an intellectual work is a trade secret without proving that the secret is continuously used to augment the competitive advantage of his business products. The Act dispenses with this requirement: An intellectual work counts as a trade secret whether or not it is actually used in competition as long as it has “potential” economic value.
Common law made more sense than the Act’s drafters appreciated. Trade secrecy makes considerable sense as an application of usufructuary property principles to the realms of innovation and information-gathering. If a party wants the benefit of an intellectual property usufruct, it must deploy its intellectual work actively and productively. This Essay illustrates with three doctrines: the treatment of precommercial use, negative know-how, and situations in which a claimant arguably abandons a secret by discontinuing its use.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: abandonment, Bristol, disuse, equitable relief, honest competitive efforts, irreparable injury, Lanham Act, Mark McKenna, misappropriation, patent, Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition, reverse engineering, torts, Victor Chemical Works v. Iliff
JEL Classification: O34
Date posted: July 28, 2010 ; Last revised: May 15, 2014