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Crop Production and Road Connectivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Spatial Analysis

46 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Paul Dorosh

International Food Policy Research Institute

Hyoung Gun Wang

World Bank

Liang You

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Emily Schmidt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 1, 2010

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between transport infrastructure and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa using new data obtained from geographic information systems (GIS). First, the authors analyze the impact of road connectivity on crop production and choice of technology. Second, they explore the impact of investments that reduce road travel times. Finally, they show how this type of analysis can be used to compare cost-benefit ratios for alternative road investments in terms of agricultural output per dollar invested. The authors find that agricultural production is highly correlated with proximity (as measured by travel time) to urban markets. Likewise, adoption of high-productive/high-input technology is negatively correlated with travel time to urban centers. There is therefore substantial scope for increasing agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in more remote areas. Total crop production relative to potential production is 45 percent for areas within four hours? travel time from a city of 100,000 people. In contrast, it is just 5 percent for areas more than eight hours away. Low population densities and long travel times to urban centers sharply constrain production. Reducing transport costs and travel times to these areas would expand the feasible market size for these regions. Compared to West Africa, East Africa has lower population density, smaller local markets, lower road connectivity, and lower average crop production per unit area. Unlike in East Africa, reducing travel time does not significantly increase the adoption of high-input/high-yield technology in West Africa. This may be because West Africa already has a relatively well-connected road network.

Keywords: Transport Economics Policy & Planning, Crops and Crop Management Systems, Climate Change and Agriculture, Regional Economic Development, Economic Theory & Research

Suggested Citation

Dorosh, Paul and Wang, Hyoung Gun and You, Liang and Schmidt, Emily, Crop Production and Road Connectivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Spatial Analysis (July 1, 2010). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5385. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1650476

Paul Dorosh (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Hyoung Gun Wang

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Liang You

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Emily Schmidt

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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