Evolution of Gender Wage Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to 'New Century, Old Disparities'

34 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2010

See all articles by Hugo Ñopo

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Alejandro Hoyos

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Abstract

This paper complements the findings of Atal, Ñopo and Winder (2010) on gender and ethnic wage gaps for 18 Latin American countries circa 2005 by analyzing gender wage gaps for the same countries between circa 1992 and circa 2007. During this span the overall gender earnings gaps dropped about 7 percentage points, while the unexplained component dropped between 3 and 4 percentage points, depending on the control variables used. The gap declined most notably among workers at the bottom of the earnings distribution, with children at home, the self-employed, part-time workers and those in rural areas – the segments of the labor market that were previously reported as having the highest unexplained gender disparities. Most of the reduction in unexplained gaps occurred within segments rather than due to the composition of labor markets. The paper additionally finds a limited role for job tenure in explaining gender wage gaps.

Keywords: gender, wage gaps, Latin America, matching

JEL Classification: C14, D31, J16, O54

Suggested Citation

Nopo, Hugo and Hoyos, Alejandro, Evolution of Gender Wage Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to 'New Century, Old Disparities'. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5086. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1651711

Hugo Nopo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Alejandro Hoyos

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

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