The Rise in Absenteeism: Disentangling the Impacts of Cohort, Age and Time

34 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2010

See all articles by Erik Biorn

Erik Biorn

University of Oslo - Department of Economics

Simen Gaure

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research

Simen Markussen

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research

Knut Roed

Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We examine the remarkable rise in absenteeism among Norwegian employees since the early 1990's, with particular emphasis on disentangling the roles of cohort, age, and time. Based on a fixed effects model, we show that individual age-adjusted absence propensities have risen even more than aggregate absence rates from 1993 to 2005, debunking the popular hypothesis that the rise in absenteeism resulted from the inclusion of new cohorts ヨ with weaker work-norms ヨ into the workforce. We also reject the idea that the rise in absenteeism resulted from more successful integration of workers with poor health; on the contrary, a massive rise in disability rolls during the 1990メs suggest that poor-health workers have left the labor market in unprecedented numbers.

Keywords: sickness absence, endogenous selection, multicollinearity, fixed effects logit

JEL Classification: C23, C25, I38, J22

Suggested Citation

Biorn, Erik and Gaure, Simen and Markussen, Simen and Røed, Knut, The Rise in Absenteeism: Disentangling the Impacts of Cohort, Age and Time. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5091. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1651716

Erik Biorn (Contact Author)

University of Oslo - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
N-0317 Oslo
Norway
47 22 85 51 20 (Phone)
47 22 85 50 35 (Fax)

Simen Gaure

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research ( email )

Gaustadalleen 21
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

Simen Markussen

University of Oslo - Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research ( email )

Gaustadalleen 21
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

Knut Røed

Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research ( email )

Gaustadalleen 21
N-0349 Oslo
Norway

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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