Public Information and IPO Underpricing
50 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2010 Last revised: 9 Nov 2018
Date Written: August 22, 2011
We analyze the effect of public information on rational investors' incentives to reveal private information during the bookbuilding process and their demand for allocations in the IPO. Our model generates several new predictions. First, investors require more underpricing to truthfully reveal positive private information in bear markets than in bull markets (the incentive effect). Second, the fraction of positive private signals and of underpriced IPOs is increasing in market returns (the demand effect). Combined, these two effects can explain why IPO underpricing is positively related to pre-issue market returns, consistent with extant evidence. Using a sample of 5,000 U.S. IPOs from 1981-2008, we show that the empirical implications of the model are borne out in the data.
Keywords: public information, partial adjustment, underpricing, IPOs, bookbuilding
JEL Classification: G10, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation