HIV/AIDS in Africa: Fertile Terrain
The Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 1-22, 2002
22 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2010
Date Written: 2002
An interdisciplinary approach that incorporates biomedical data into an economic analysis provides the necessary foundation for HIV/AIDS policy for poor countries. This article examines the biomedical effects of economic conditions in Africa that contribute to high rates of HIV transmission. The results of statistical analysis show the correlation of economic and epidemiological variables (nutrition, distribution of income, and urbanisation) with rates of HIV. The economic/biomedical hypothesis implies a broad policy response for confronting HIV/AIDS in Africa and in Asia and Latin America.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, Africa, Poverty, Malnutrition, Income Distribution
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