Fertility, Natural Growth and Migration in the Czech Republic: An Urban-Suburban-Rural Gradient Analysis of Long-Term Trends and Recent Reversals
Population, Space and Place, 18 (3): 225-240, 2012
27 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2010 Last revised: 14 Aug 2012
Date Written: January 5, 2012
The article examines fertility variation across different residential contexts in the post-communist Czech Republic. Going beyond the traditional crossregional approaches to within-country fertility, we distinguish between urban, suburban and rural residential contexts. We use 2001 census data, which enable completed fertility analysis, and data on natural increases and net migration, which reflect very recent trends. We find significant differences between urban, suburban and rural completed fertility even after controlling for age, education and region of residence, with the highest levels in rural and the lowest levels in urban areas. However, our analysis of natural increases and net migration indicates that these longstanding trends may have reversed in very recent years. We suggest that the growth in the number of newborns (and therefore higher natural increase) in suburban areas is due to selective residential moves by young couples, not just through larger cohorts of potential mothers, but potentially also through higher fertility of new resident couples stemming from more pro-reproduction oriented values.
Keywords: completed fertility, residential areas, suburbanisation, Czech Republic
JEL Classification: J11, J13, P29, R2
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