Fertility, Natural Growth and Migration in the Czech Republic: An Urban-Suburban-Rural Gradient Analysis of Long-Term Trends and Recent Reversals

Population, Space and Place, 18 (3): 225-240, 2012

27 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2010 Last revised: 14 Aug 2012

See all articles by Jana Vobecká

Jana Vobecká

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic - Institute of Sociology

Virginie Piguet

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - Etablissement national d'enseignement supérieur agronomique de Dijon (ENESAD)

Date Written: January 5, 2012

Abstract

The article examines fertility variation across different residential contexts in the post-communist Czech Republic. Going beyond the traditional crossregional approaches to within-country fertility, we distinguish between urban, suburban and rural residential contexts. We use 2001 census data, which enable completed fertility analysis, and data on natural increases and net migration, which reflect very recent trends. We find significant differences between urban, suburban and rural completed fertility even after controlling for age, education and region of residence, with the highest levels in rural and the lowest levels in urban areas. However, our analysis of natural increases and net migration indicates that these longstanding trends may have reversed in very recent years. We suggest that the growth in the number of newborns (and therefore higher natural increase) in suburban areas is due to selective residential moves by young couples, not just through larger cohorts of potential mothers, but potentially also through higher fertility of new resident couples stemming from more pro-reproduction oriented values.

Keywords: completed fertility, residential areas, suburbanisation, Czech Republic

JEL Classification: J11, J13, P29, R2

Suggested Citation

Vobecká, Jana and Piguet, Virginie, Fertility, Natural Growth and Migration in the Czech Republic: An Urban-Suburban-Rural Gradient Analysis of Long-Term Trends and Recent Reversals (January 5, 2012). Population, Space and Place, 18 (3): 225-240, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1664669

Jana Vobecká (Contact Author)

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic - Institute of Sociology ( email )

Jilska 1
Prague 1
Prague 1, Prague 160 00
Czech Republic

Virginie Piguet

French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) - Etablissement national d'enseignement supérieur agronomique de Dijon (ENESAD) ( email )

BP 87999
DIJON, 21079
France

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